Effective Prosecution to Support Digital Forensic Evidence during Investigation and Court Proceedings
Aftab Ahmad Malik
Firstly, the purpose of this work is to highlight the significance of digital evidence that exists in the form of digital data and is to be presented in court of law. Secondly, how this evidence (the digital information) can be effectively used during investigation process by the investigating agency. Thirdly, essence of keeping up continued liaison by investigating agency with the prosecutor who is to defend the prosecution side in the court. This paper deals with the offences carried out by offenders using computer, internet, digital media, other electronic devices, hacking and tracking the networks to harm the government agencies or private organizations by violating the network or database or cyber security. These offences are normally the frauds related to financial crimes category and illegal transfer of digital currency. Certain crimes of this area are classified as cyber terrorism. The procedure of collection of evidence and presentation in the court is deviant from other criminal cases. The initial digital evidence may consist of data acquisition, databases, data marts, hard disks, computer file systems and records of illegal transfer of money, This paper advocates to employ powerful prosecution in court of law to make the evidence stronger and consistent with the existing law at the investigation stage as well as in court. The focus of this paper is towards banking frauds and cyber crimes requiring forensic evidence to support the task of prosecution.